All living creatures’ pain,

The suffering of the lowliest thing that creeps

Or flies a moment ere it sinks and sleeps,

Are too Redemption’s tears and not in vain—

For nothing idly weeps.

Earth is through these fulfilling that it must

As in Christ’s own eternal Passion chain,

And flowering from the dust.

The driven and drudging ass

Crushed by the bondage of its bitter round,

Repeats the Gospel in that narrow bound;

God is reflected in the blade of grass,

And there is Calvary’s ground.

O not an insect or on leaf or sod

But in its measure is a looking-glass,

And shows Salvation’s God.

All thus are carrying on,

And do work out, the one Redemption’s tale;

Each is a little Christ on hill or dale,

The hell where Mercy’s light has never shone

Is with that Mercy pale,

And though flesh turns from agony they dread,

Even as they groan and travail it is gone—

Love riseth from the dead.

Frederick William Ward (5 April 1847 – 1 July 1934) was an Australian journalist, newspaper editor and Methodist minister. Ward was born in New Zealand the fourth son of the Rev. Robert Ward, a Primitive Methodist clergyman and was sent to Brisbane, Australia around 1867 as a Methodist minister. His poem ‘Redemption’ promises that however much pain is suffered in life, the power of redemption will heal it.

What do you understand by the term redemption? Redemption is a major theme in the novel. The idea that, “There is a way to be good again” drives the novel. Amir is desperate to make up for his past sins and although he fears the cost of his redemption this desire to redeem himself fuels his actions and forms the basis of his character.


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