Orwell once said that he wanted to “make political writing into an art”. What are the political messages he expresses in his books ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’, ‘Animal Farm’ and ‘Homage to Catalonia’? Try this article for more information. Here is a taste:
Orwell wrote ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ to try and show how political systems can suppress individual freedom. ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ is a warning for the future that of what society could become should totalitarianism be allowed to achieve dominance. The totalitarian Dystopia in ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ is inescapable for those who suffer under it and is constantly changing for the worst. The world of ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ is a model of Orwell’s idea of a Totalitarian state that has evolved into its ultimate form. However, Orwell is not trying to make a complete and accurate prediction of what the world will be like in the future under a totalitarian government, but instead he presents it as an extreme instance that sheds light on the nature of current societies that already exist. Shortly before his death Orwell spoke of ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’, saying “I do not believe that the kind of society I describe necessarily will arrive, but I believe that something resembling it could arrive”.
Orwell once said he writes “because there is some lie that I want to expose”. It is this fundamental lie upon which the political structure of ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ rests. The very slogans of the party are contradictions : “War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength”. In writing ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ Orwell wanted to expose the cruelty of political oppression and the kind of lie on which that inhumanity depends.
‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ can be interpreted as an antipolitical book – the nightmarish world in which Winston lives is one where politics has displaced humanity and the state has stifled society in its quest for total control over its inhabitants. The purpose of the Party was not to rule for the general good, but in order to have control over everyone and everything. Power is everything. The most startling concept that Orwell deals with in ‘Nineteen Eighty-four’ is the idea that a political party could see power as being the ultimate goal. The Party rules over its people without even the pretence that it is governing for the benefit of the people.