Diegetic vs. Non-Diegetic Sound

College Film and Media Studies blog is a useful reference guide to film terms. We have been talking about the use of sound and in this post the writers explain why sound, voice and music are integral to most films and/or film viewing experiences. Here they explain the difference between diegetic and non-diegetic sound:

Diegetic sound is any sound that the character or characters on screen can hear. So for example the sound of one character talking to another would be diegetic. Non-diegetic sound is any sound that the audience can hear but the characters on screen cannot. Any appearance of background music is a prime example of non-diegetic sound.

This clip from Edgar Wright’s Shaun of the Dead simultaneously depicts both diegetic and non-diegetic sound. The sounds of the characters speaking, the records flying, and the zombies are all diegetic; the characters can hear them. Meanwhile, the beats and riffs of the background music serves as an example of non-diegetic sound that goes unheard by Shaun, Pete, and the menacing zombies.

Jack Tame: Society strengthened because of Fred Phelps


There has been lots and lots of comment on the death of Westboro Baptist Church preacher Fred Phelps this week. Jack Tame at the New Zealand Herald is one of the many people that has given his thoughts and his short piece of opinion writing is worth looking at for ideas on how to discuss controversial people/events. In his writing, Tame makes no bones about his loathing of Phelps,

“I hated Fred Phelps when I first saw him on TV. He stirred in me the same loathing as when watching white supremacists in Christchurch. I’m ashamed to say I actually daydreamed of he and his crazies being subjected to physical pain.”

However,  he is able to then lead his discussion to one about free speech and how people like Phelps, “show us just how ridiculous racism and bigotry are”.

Check out more opinion pieces on Phelps below:

Fred Phelps doesn’t deserve your grave dancing: let’s forgive and forget his hate

Hate and How to Overcome It: How Should We Respond to the Tragic Death of Fred Phelps?

Russell McVeagh Regional Debating Championship

collage uni

This weekend we sent our debating team to the Otago/Southland Russell McVeagh Regional Debating Championship in Dunedin. The regionals were held at the University of Otago. It was a really strong competition with a number of very good teams.

The moots were interesting and often challenging – I have listed them below:

Round 1: THS government employees such as teachers, the police, and doctors, having the right to strike.

Round 2: THBT graduates from New Zealand universities should be required to work in New Zealand for a number of years after graduating

Round 3: THBT environmentalist organisations are justified in breaking the law.

Round 4: THW, as a school student, delete its social network accounts

Round 5: THBT compulsory religious education should be taught in all state schools

Semi-finals: THW require that women comprise at least 45% of the seats in Parliament.

Final: THW grant amnesty to oppressive dictators in return for them stepping down.